Though most tend to think that artificial insemination is a miracle of modern science, it has a history of documented use dating back to 1677. The invention of the microscope allowed the scientific community to identify spermatozoa for the first time, and in Italy in 1780 priest Lazzaro Spallanzani conducted several experiments on canine subjects. He discovered that actual physical contact between the egg and sperm needed to occur in order to achieve conception, contrary to previous scientific thinking.

Successful artificial insemination resulting in offspring was performed on equines as early as 1922, and by the 1940s it was widely used in the livestock industry. As artificial insemination technology progressed, use in humans became common, and by the 1980s methods of sperm collection and insertion had vastly improved and resulted in excellent conception rates.

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